Hospital care for the elderly is offered on a permanent or short-term basis in retirement homes. This is for people who need more care than can be provided in their own home. Services include body care, housing, support services (such as linen and meals), nursing and some related health services. The Australian government controls the number of subsidised elderly care centres available (at home or in a care facility). The planning framework aims to increase the number of care places for the elderly in line with the ageing of the population and to balance the supply of places across urban and rural areas. As of June 30, 2015, there were 111.5 senior care centers (81.1 hospitals and 30.4 home care places) for 1,000 people aged 70 and over as of June 30, 2015. In Australia, elderly care services are provided by many non-profit, for-profit and government providers, some of which offer more than one type of care. According to AIHW, there has been as of June 30, 2015: clients who need home support for beginners are referred by My Aged Care to a Regional Assessment Service (RAS). Clients seeking subsidized home care, hospital care, or flexible care under the law require a full assessment and authorization for care by an Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT). Hospital care for the elderly is funded by the Australian government and by resident contributions.
The Australian government provides grants and supplements to licensed providers for each resident covered by the law. The base grant for each permanent resident is calculated using the Aged Care Funding Instrument (ACFI). The ACFI is a tool used by the provider to assess a resident`s care needs. The ACFI consists of a series of questions that determine funding in three areas: activities of daily living, behaviour and complex health care. The greater the estimated needs in each area, the greater the care allowance for that resident. As of July 1, 2016, a resident most in need in all three areas would consider a basic daily grant of $214.06. Recent changes to the ACFI aimed at curbing higher-than-expected growth in ACFI spending have proven controversial among elderly care providers and health facilities. Residents also pay fees that contribute to the costs of care and accommodation. DoH publishes data from the annual inventory of Australian government-funded elderly care centres, which show the number and nature of elderly care centres in each state, territory and former care planning region (used by the government to plan an equitable distribution of care spaces across regions). DoH also publishes annual lists of Aged Care services listing all services funded by the Australian government under the Act (as well as NATSIFAC services). The Library of Parliament is eding an expanded version of this list, available to Members of Parliament, to help them identify services in their electorate.
The Australian government subsidizes care services for the elderly. Care subsidized under the Act consists of home care, hospital care and flexible care. Care provided through funding agreements with providers (not under the law) includes home help and flexible Indigenous care. Below is a brief overview of each type of care as well as information on care statistics and support programs. . . .