On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020.  Accordingly, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, thus concluding the Agreement and brought it into force on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, on 31 January 2020, at 11 p.m GMT. This is due to the fact that the future trade agreement between the UK and the EU would be a mixed agreement dealing with certain issues for which the EU is responsible and certain issues falling under the so-called “shared competence” between member states and the EU. For this purpose, in 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) ruled that provisions on investor-state dispute settlement procedures and non-direct foreign investment fall within shared competence. The procedure for ratification of VA by the EU is set out in Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. It is a two-step process. The European Parliament must approve the agreement. The Council of the EU must then definitively approve the agreement by a “qualified majority”. The Council of the EU is composed of ministerial representatives from each Member State. In a meeting with MEPs, von der Leyen said the EU was proposing an unprecedented “zero tariff, zero quota” deal, but proposed that Britain adapt to core standards to make it possible. After an unprecedented vote, on 4 December 22, 2018, MPs decided that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it had refused to give Parliament the full legal advice it had received on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal conditions.  The central point of the opinion concerned the legal effect of the Backstop Agreement on Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the customs border between the European Union and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday Agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, and in particular on the security of the United Kingdom, to be able to leave the EU in practice, in accordance with the draft proposals.
The most important elements of the draft agreement are as follows: The EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, had initially stated that both parties had taken a decision by 31 The Council adopted Mr Rez-de-Cart`s report on the Commission`s proposal for the Commission`s proposal for a Council decision on the Commission`s proposal for a proposal It seems, however, that 15 November is the working period. . . .